Long-headed Trout of Crescent Lake

Piscifun fly fishing reels

Long-headed Trout Salmo bathúcetor Meek


According to Professor Elliot, who collected the type of this species, this is a deepwater fish, keeping always near the bottom, never coming to the surface at any time and of course not taking the fly, or indeed the spoon, or any kind of lure. The only way it can be captured is by the set-lines sunk within a foot of the bottom, and it seems there are only a few places in the lake where it can be caught even by this means. It is a brightly coloured fish but lacks some of the iridescence of the speckled trout of Crescent Lake, which it otherwise resembles. Head 3 1/2 to 3/4/5; depth 5 1/10 to 5 3/4; eye 6 3/4 to 7 3/5; snout 3 1/3; maxillary 1 2/3; D. 10; A. 11; scales 150 to 152; gillrakers 7 or 8+ 11 to 13; Br. 9 to 11. Body slender, head much pointed; maxillary very long and very slender reaching considerably beyond orbit; teeth on jaws, vomer and palatines large, the dentition strong; mandible very strong; gillrakers short and thick. Colour, much as in the speckled trout of Crescent Lake, but lighter; head, body and tail profusely spotted with black; ventrals and pectorals dark; no red on lower jaw.

This trout differs from Salmo crescentis in being more slender, in having the back much less elevated, the head more slender and pointed, the gillrakers shorter, and the maxillary straighter narrower and longer.

It is probably more closely related to the steelhead trout series than to the cut-throat series and perhaps should be placed as a subspecies of Salmo gairdneri.

From American Game and Food Fishes. Jordan and Evermann 1902.